Fish plates are an essential component of rail tracks. They are used to join two pieces of rail, creating a continuous track for trains to move on. Fish plates have been used for many years in rail track construction and have undergone significant developments to improve their efficiency and effectiveness. In this comprehensive guide, we will provide you with all the necessary information about fish plates, including their standard sizes, materials used for manufacturing, and their significance in maintaining and ensuring the safety of rail tracks.
Historically, the first fish plates were invented in the early 19th century by William Bridges Adams. The invention of fish plates was a significant improvement for rail tracks because they made it easier to join the rail tracks together. The primary function of fish plates is to create a smooth transition between two rails, ensuring that there is no deviation in the track alignment. This is critical to ensure that trains can move smoothly and safely along the tracks.
Today, railway fish plates are manufactured in a wide range of sizes and materials to suit different rail track requirements. Standard sizes have been established to ensure that they can be used across the world and that they meet specific industry regulations. In the following sections, we will provide a comprehensive guide to the standard sizes of fish plates used in rail tracks.
What are Fish Plates?
Fish plates are specialized components used in the joining of rail tracks. Their primary function is to connect two rails together to create a continuous track. They are a critical component in rail track construction, ensuring that trains can move smoothly and safely along the tracks.
Fish plates come in different types, including bolted and welded fish plates. Bolted fish plates are the most commonly used type and are attached to the rails using bolts. They can be easily removed and replaced, making them ideal for maintenance purposes. Welded fish plates, on the other hand, are permanently fixed to the rails using welding techniques. This type of fish plate is commonly used in high-speed rail tracks, where there is less need for maintenance.
Fish plates can be made from various materials, including steel, cast iron, and aluminum. The choice of material is determined by the rail track’s specific requirements, such as the weight of the trains using the track and the environmental conditions. Steel is the most commonly used material for fish plates due to its strength and durability. Cast iron is also used, but it is less commonly used due to its tendency to crack under heavy loads. Aluminum fish plates are used in areas with high corrosion and rust conditions.
When installing fish plates, it is essential to ensure that they are the correct size for the rail track being used. The size of the fish plate is determined by the weight of the trains using the track and the rail’s size. Different countries and regions have established standard sizes for fish plates to ensure that they meet specific industry regulations. It is essential to adhere to these standards to ensure the safe and efficient operation of the rail tracks.
The Importance of Standard Sizes for Fish Plates
The standard size of a fish plate is a crucial factor in maintaining and ensuring the safety of rail tracks. Using the correct size of fish plate is essential to prevent the deviation of the rails, which can lead to accidents, damage to the track, and derailment of trains. Standard sizes have been established to ensure that the fish plates used on rail tracks meet specific industry regulations and are compatible with other components in the rail system.
Several factors determine the standard size of a fish plate, including the type and weight of the rail, the angle of the joint, and the maximum load capacity of the track. The size of the fish plate must match the size of the rail and the angle of the joint to ensure a smooth and safe transition between the two rails. The maximum load capacity of the track is also a critical factor in determining the standard size of a fish plate. Fish plates that are too small or weak may not be able to withstand the maximum load capacity of the track, leading to accidents and damage to the rail system.
The use of standard sizes for fish plates is crucial for rail track maintenance. Standard sizes ensure that fish plates can be easily replaced and repaired, reducing the time and cost of maintenance. The availability of standard sizes also ensures that replacement fish plates can be obtained quickly and easily from manufacturers or suppliers.
Standard sizes for fish plates are also critical for safety. Using non-standard sizes of fish plates can lead to problems such as rail deviation and misalignment. This can lead to accidents, derailment of trains, and damage to the rail system. Standard sizes for fish plates ensure that the rail system is uniform, with all components working together correctly to ensure safe and efficient operations.
Standard Sizes of Fish Plates
Fish plates are an essential component of rail tracks that help connect and secure two adjacent rails together. These metal plates are designed to withstand the tremendous weight and stress of moving trains, ensuring that the rails remain aligned and the trains operate safely. Standard sizes for fish plates are vital to ensure that they are compatible with other components in the rail system and can withstand the maximum load capacity of the track. In this section, we will provide an in-depth discussion of the different standard sizes of fish plates used in rail tracks worldwide.
UIC Standard Sizes
The UIC (International Union of Railways) standard sizes for fish plates are widely used in Europe and many other countries worldwide. The UIC standard sizes include UIC54, UIC60, and UIC70. UIC54 fish plates are designed for rails that weigh 54.77kg/m, while UIC60 fish plates are used for rails that weigh 60.21kg/m. UIC70 fish plates are suitable for heavy rails that weigh 70.31kg/m. The dimensions of UIC54 fish plates are 134mm x 70mm x 13mm, while those of UIC60 fish plates are 150mm x 75mm x 16mm. The dimensions of UIC70 fish plates are 175mm x 85mm x 15mm.
AREMA Standard Sizes
The American Railway Engineering and Maintenance-of-Way Association (AREMA) standard sizes for fish plates are widely used in the United States and Canada. The AREMA standard sizes include 115-119RE, 132-136RE, and 141-143RE. These sizes are designed for rails with different weights and dimensions. For instance, 115-119RE fish plates are used for rails that weigh 56.9kg/m, while 132-136RE fish plates are used for rails that weigh 67.4kg/m. 141-143RE fish plates are used for heavy rails that weigh 76.9kg/m. The dimensions of 115-119RE fish plates are 254mm x 114.3mm x 25.4mm, while those of 132-136RE fish plates are 279.4mm x 127mm x 25.4mm. The dimensions of 141-143RE fish plates are 330mm x 152.4mm x 25.4mm.
BS Standard Sizes
The British Standard (BS) sizes for fish plates are widely used in the United Kingdom and some countries in the Middle East and Africa. The BS standard sizes include BS60, BS75, and BS80. These sizes are designed for rails with different weights and dimensions. For instance, BS60 fish plates are used for rails that weigh 30.7kg/m, while BS75 fish plates are used for rails that weigh 47.6kg/m. BS80 fish plates are used for heavy rails that weigh 63.7kg/m. The dimensions of BS60 fish plates are 203.2mm x 114.3mm x 25.4mm, while those of BS75 fish plates are 228.6mm x 114.3mm x 25.4mm. The dimensions of BS80 fish plates are 305mm x 127mm x 38mm.
In this section, we will provide answers to some frequently asked questions about fish plates.
What is the function of fish plates in rail tracks?
Fish plates are used to join two sections of rail in a track. The joint between two sections of rail is a weak point in the track because it is prone to wear and tear. Fish plates provide additional support and strength to the joint, helping to maintain the integrity of the track.
What are the different types of fish plates?
There are two main types of fish plates: bolted and welded. Bolted fish plates are attached to the rails using bolts and nuts, while welded fish plates are attached using a welding process.
What are the materials used to manufacture fish plates?
Fish plates are typically made from steel, cast iron, or aluminum. Steel fish plates are the most common and are used in most applications. Cast iron fish plates are used in special applications where there is a need for a more rigid joint, while aluminum fish plates are used in areas with high electrical conductivity.
Why are standard sizes important for fish plates?
Standard sizes are important for fish plates because they ensure that the plates will fit properly with the rail sections they are joining. Using the wrong size of fish plate can result in a weak joint that is prone to failure.
What are the UIC, AREMA, and BS standard sizes for fish plates?
The UIC standard sizes for fish plates include UIC54, UIC60, and UIC70. The AREMA standard sizes include 115-119RE, 132-136RE, and 141-143RE. The BS standard sizes include BS60, BS75, and BS80.
What rail types use each standard size of fish plate?
The rail types that use each standard size of fish plate can vary depending on the country and region. Generally, UIC54 and UIC60 fish plates are used in Europe, while AREMA standard sizes are used in North America. BS standard sizes are commonly used in the United Kingdom.
How are fish plates installed on rail tracks?
Bolted fish plates are attached to the rails using bolts and nuts. Welded fish plates are attached to the rails using a welding process.
How often should fish plates be replaced?
Fish plates should be inspected regularly to ensure that they are in good condition. The frequency of replacement can vary depending on factors such as the type of rail, the amount of traffic, and the environment. Generally, fish plates should be replaced when they show signs of wear or damage.
In conclusion, fish plates play a critical role in ensuring the stability and safety of rail tracks. They are used to join rails and maintain continuity in tracks, and they come in different types and materials. However, the use of standard sizes for fish plates is crucial to ensure that rail tracks can handle the maximum load capacity and prevent derailments. The UIC, AREMA, and BS standard sizes are widely used in the industry and are designed to fit specific rail types, angles, and weights. Professional rail track manufacturers have the expertise and knowledge to guide rail operators in choosing the appropriate fish plate size and ensure that they are installed correctly. To maintain the integrity of rail tracks, it is important to regularly inspect and replace worn-out fish plates. Contacting professional rail track manufacturers for expert advice and guidance on fish plates is highly recommended. By using the right fish plate size and maintaining regular upkeep, rail tracks can operate safely and efficiently, benefiting the transportation industry and the public at large.